Tuesday, April 3, 2012

Burning up the chapters...

That is my optimistic titling of what we did today. Craig took great notes while I read Section 1 from Chapter 11. We discussed headings and major topics and used the review section to make sure the notes included important bits.

I was going to have Craig send the notes to me, but I am going to contact him and ask that he post them here, either in a separate post or comment.

Wednesday, you will finish the poster and assess our reading. Ken Burns' Civil War is on deck.

1 comment:

  1. Ferment: “out of control growth”
    Divided in two: Westward-ho settlers moving to expand the USA, and settlers who stayed worked to make what they had better.

    An age of Reform:
    “City on a hill”

    Many americans wanted to create a nation where all had equal rights, self rule, and those who needed help, got help.

    Millerites believed the world would end in 1843

    many different religions and views in the US

    1820-1850’s religious revivals (Charles Finney)

    The Transcendentalists:
    Transcendentalists: believed nature was beauty, and god was found through nature, not the bible (Ralph Waldo Emerson). Opposites of the Puritans (believed we will all become perfect since nature is perfect vs. We’re born bad and need to be saved)

    Henry David Thorough: Civil Disobedience, went into a cabin in the woods, but stopped paying taxes when the war w/ Mexico happened. Thrown in jail.

    Reform and Education:
    Reformers focused on education (reading and writing)

    Horrace Mann: appointed secretary of new state board of education in Mass. He wanted to build new school, textbooks, and raise teacher’s pay.

    1890- unusual to go to school past 8th grade

    Higher Education:
    Every city “needed” a college

    College usually started by religious sects, but the cities soon began starting them.

    Colleges mainly focused on teaching men to be ready for their careers (law, med, teacher)

    Education for Girls and Women:
    Women were taught more in the house keeping arts, not as much book learning.

    Revolutionary times- only 50% of women could sign their names

    1836- Wesleyan College in Georga, first college for women.

    1837- Oberland College, first real Co-ed school.

    Mentally Ill and Retarded:

    Reformers felt pity for the previously scorn mentally ill.

    Dorothea Dix: Teacher turned P.I.; acted mentally ill to into jails or poor houses to see how the mentally ill were being treated. Wanted them to be treated like they were sick, not criminals.

    Dorothea Dix:
    Relied on men to report her findings, as women weren’t encouraged to snoop around and report on things.

    As the industrial revolution trudged on, factories produced more stuff, women needed to make less and less of their own clothing items, which gave them more free time, which opened Teaching as a career for women, and as they got paid, and didn’t have to make their own stuff, they went shopping.

    Men may have been in charge of all physical and financial items, but women controlled how well these things functioned.

    Leaders of Womens rights movements:

    Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Caddy Stanton, organized women’s rights convention in 1848 (Seneca Falls, NY)

    Decided that their problems were not with King George, but with the male-dominated society they lived in, and demanded the same rights as all male citizens of the US.

    1851- Ohio convention at Akron interrupted, Sojurner Truth, a black slave, stood and gave an impromptu speech (And ain’t I a woman!)

    NY lead other states in giving women equal rights over property, children, and divorce (but not to vote).

    Sarah Josepha Hale: Edited “Godey’s Lady’s Book”

    1840- almost all women could read.

    Chattel: Property. Women and children were seen as property.